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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Dec 11;1113(3-4):271-6.

The mobile receptor hypothesis revisited: a mechanistic role for hormone receptor lateral mobility in signal transduction.

Author information

1
Institut für Medizinische Physik und Biophysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany.

Abstract

Recent application of the technique of fluorescence photobleaching recovery to direct measurement of the lateral mobility of plasma membrane-localized hormone receptors has shed new light on the role of receptor lateral mobility in signal transduction. Receptors for insulin and EGF have been known for some time to be largely immobile at physiological temperatures. This presumably relates to their signal transduction mechanism, which appears to require intermolecular autophosphorylation (receptor aggregation) for activation. In contrast, G-protein coupled receptors must interact with other membrane components to bring about signal transduction, and it is interesting in this regard that the adenylate cyclase (AC) activating vasopressin V2-receptor is highly laterally mobile at 37 degrees C. It has recently been possible to reversibly modulate the V2-receptor mobile fraction (f) to largely varying extents, and to demonstrate thereby a direct effect on the maximal rate of in vivo cAMP production at 37 degrees C in response to vasopressin. A direct correlation between f and maximal cAMP production indicates that f may be a key parameter in hormone signal transduction in vivo, especially at sub-KD (physiological) hormone concentrations, with mobile receptors being required to effect G-protein activation.

PMID:
1333280
DOI:
10.1016/0304-4157(92)90001-q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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