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Anal Biochem. 1992 Nov 1;206(2):273-7.

Coelenterazine is a superoxide anion-sensitive chemiluminescent probe: its usefulness in the assay of respiratory burst in neutrophils.

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Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Facultad de Medicina, Sevilla, Spain.


The oxidation of free coelenterazine by superoxide anion was analyzed and compared to the oxidation by the semisynthetic photoprotein obelin, prepared by incorporation of synthetic coelenterazine into apoobelin. The oxidation of bound coelenterazine was triggered upon binding of calcium to the reconstituted photoprotein. The oxidation of free synthetic coelenterazine, in the absence of the apoprotein, was triggered by superoxide anion. The production of reactive oxygen metabolites by fMet-Leu-Phe- and 4b-phorbol 12b-myristate 13a-acetate-stimulated neutrophils was studied by means of the luminescence of synthetic coelenterazine. The features of this chemiluminescent probe were compared with those of luminol and are summarized as follows: (a) coelenterazine-dependent chemiluminescence was inhibited by superoxide dismutase; (b) coelenterazine was as sensitive as luminol in detecting the oxidative burst of neutrophils; (c) azide failed to inhibit coelenterazine chemiluminescence; (d) in contrast with luminol, which requires the catalytic removal of hydrogen peroxide, coelenterazine chemiluminescence did not depend on the activity of cell-derived myeloperoxidase. These results indicate the usefulness of coelenterazine as a very sensitive and specific chemiluminescence probe of superoxide anion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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