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Radiat Res. 1992 Sep;131(3):332-7.

Excision of sugar-phosphate products at apurinic/apyrimidinic sites by DNA deoxyribophosphodiesterase of Escherichia coli.

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Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York 10467.


It has been shown previously that the DNA deoxyribophosphodiesterase (dRpase) activity of Escherichia coli excises 2-deoxyribose 5-phosphate moieties at apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites in DNA following cleavage of the DNA at the AP site by an AP endonuclease such as endonuclease IV of E coli. A second class of enzymes that cleave DNA at AP sites by a beta-elimination mechanism, AP lyases, leave a different sugar-phosphate product remaining at the AP site, which has been identified as the compound trans-4-hydroxy-2-pentenal 5-phosphate. It is shown that dRpase removes this unsaturated sugar-phosphate group following cleavage of a poly(dA-dT) substrate containing AP sites by the action of the AP lyase endonuclease III of E. coli. The Km for the removal of trans-4-hydroxy-2-pentenal 5-phosphate is 0.06 microM; the Km for the removal of 2-deoxyribose 5-phosphate is 0.17 microM. It was verified that the sugar-phosphate product removed by dRpase from the endonuclease III-cleaved substrate was trans-4-hydroxy-2-pentenal 5-phosphate by conversion of the product to the compound cyclopentane-1,2-dione. The dRpase activity is unique in its ability to remove sugar-phosphate products after cleavage by both AP endonucleases and AP lyases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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