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J Biol Chem. 1992 Nov 25;267(33):24117-25.

Purification and characterization of a soluble phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720.


A phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4-kinase was purified 25,000-fold from the cytosolic fraction of extracts from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The purification consisted of an ammonium sulfate fractionation followed by chromatography on sulfonated-agarose (S-Sepharose), phosphocellulose, threonine-agarose, and quaternary amino (Mono Q), and sulfonated (Mono S) beads. Major contaminants in the purification, Hsc82 and Hsp82 (yeast homologs of the mammalian heat shock protein Hsp90), were eliminated by using a combination of molecular genetics (to construct a null mutation in HSC82), altered growth conditions (to minimize expression from the inducible HSP82 gene), and high ionic strength fractionation conditions (to remove the residual Hsp82). The purified enzyme had an apparent subunit molecular weight of 125,000, much larger than any other well characterized PI-4-kinase reported previously. Like mammalian PI-4-kinases, the yeast enzyme specifically phosphorylated PI on position 4 of the inositol ring and was stimulated by Triton X-100. However, activity was not inhibited by adenosine, a potent inhibitor of certain (type II) mammalian PI-4-kinases. The enzyme displayed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics with apparent Km values of 100 microM for ATP and 50 microM for PI. To date, this yeast enzyme is the first soluble PI-4-kinase purified from any source.

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