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Cell. 1992 Nov 27;71(5):833-40.

The capture of a DNA double helix by an ATP-dependent protein clamp: a key step in DNA transport by type II DNA topoisomerases.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138.

Abstract

The binding of linear and circular forms of DNA to yeast DNA topoisomerase II or its complex with AMPPNP, the nonhydrolyzable beta,gamma-imido analog of ATP, was carried out to probe the ATP analog-induced conformational change of the enzyme. Binding of the ATP analog is shown to convert the enzyme to a circular clamp with an annulet, through which only a linear DNA can pass; subsequent circularization of the bound linear DNA forms a salt-stable catenane between the protein circular clamp and the DNA ring. Analysis of catenane formation between a small DNA ring originally bound to the topoisomerase and a large DNA ring subsequently added, under conditions such that the two do not exchange, supports a model in which a second DNA double-helix can enter the open jaws of a DNA-bound protein clamp, and the closure of the jaws upon ATP-binding traps the second duplex and transports it through an enzyme-operated gate in the first DNA duplex.

PMID:
1330327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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