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Can J Vet Res. 1992 Jul;56(3):189-93.

A pathogenesis study of foot-and-mouth disease in cattle, using in situ hybridization.

Author information

1
Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratories, APHIS-USDA, Greenport, New York 11944.

Abstract

Eight calves were exposed in an aerosol chamber to nebulized foot-and-mouth disease virus. Two control animals were exposed in a similar manner to cell culture media only. Animals were euthanized at intervals and various tissues examined by in situ hybridization using a biotinylated RNA probe corresponding to a portion of the viral gene coding for the polymerase enzyme. By this technique large amounts of viral nucleic acid were found in coronary band, interdigital cleft and tongue as early as six hours postexposure, indicating a very rapid delivery from the portal of entry to the predilection sites for lesion development. This occurred well before the onset of viremia which by virus isolation was not detectable until 30 hours postexposure. The in situ hybridization signal in these tissues decreased in intensity and extent with time to focally positive areas, occasionally surrounding a vesicle. Other epidermal sites not normally thought of as sites for foot-and-mouth lesion development, such as carpus and eyelid, also had some viral nucleic acid detectable at various time intervals. In the lung by in situ hybridization, alveolar septa had viral nucleic acid early in infection (6-18 h postexposure) while later (36-96 h postexposure), the in situ hybridization signal was prominent in alveolar macrophages.

PMID:
1330277
PMCID:
PMC1263536
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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