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Am J Physiol. 1992 Oct;263(4 Pt 2):F739-48.

Ouabainlike factor in Milan hypertensive rats.

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  • 1Prassis, Sigma-Tau Research Institute, Milan, Italy.


Ouabainlike factor (OLF) has been extracted from the hypothalamus and adrenals of the ox and rats of the Milan hypertensive strain (MHS) and their normotensive controls (MNS). OLF was identified by its ability to 1) inhibit ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake into human erythrocytes, 2) displace [3H]ouabain binding, and 3) inhibit purified dog kidney Na-K-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase). Rat and bovine OLF have similar characteristics. Those that are close to ouabain are 1) ligand conditions for maximal inhibitory activity, 2) high-performance liquid chromatography retention time, 3) reversibility of inhibitory activity on Na-K-ATPase, 4) reduced Na-K pump inhibitory activity by K, 5) high affinity for Na-K-ATPase, and 6) no activity on calcium ATPase. OLF does not resemble ouabain in the following characteristics: 1) the capacity of OLF to inhibit ouabain low-affinity Na-K-ATPase isoform is greater than that of ouabain and 2) the capacity of OLF to inhibit renal Na-K-ATPase isoforms is greater when the enzyme is obtained from adult rather than young rats. The yield of OLF is greater from MHS than MNS. These findings represent the first direct evidence that a higher amount of OLF is present in tissues from genetically hypertensive rats than from their inbred normotensive controls, maintained under the same dietary and environmental conditions. This further supports previous observations on the role of OLF in the pathogenesis of MHS hypertension.

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