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Am J Gastroenterol. 1992 Oct;87(10):1447-52.

Interleukin-8 and neutrophil markers in colonic mucosa from patients with ulcerative colitis.

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1
Department of Medicine, Nassau County Medical Center, East Meadow, New York.

Abstract

In this study, mediators of inflammation were characterized in colonic and terminal ileum mucosa from subjects with ulcerative colitis. We considered the role of two different chemotactic factors (interleukin-8 and leukotriene B4) and of myeloperoxidase in the pathology of inflammatory bowel disease. Serial biopsy specimens were taken at different sites, washed in 0.02 M phosphate/saline buffer, homogenized, and then sonically disrupted. In both the proximal and distal regions of the colonic mucosa of ulcerative colitis patients, there was a more than 10-fold increase in interleukin-8 levels over that in control subjects (> 300 pg/mg protein vs. 30 pg/mg protein in controls, p < or = 0.01). However, terminal ileum levels of interleukin-8 were the same in ulcerative colitis and control groups (150 pg/mg protein). There was also a 3- to 5-fold increase in leukotriene B4 levels and a several-fold increase in myeloperoxidase levels throughout the colonic mucosa in patients with ulcerative colitis. This study demonstrates that 1) interleukin-8 may have an immunoregulatory role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, and 2) interleukin-8, myeloperoxidase, and leukotriene B4 may be useful markers for the biochemical identification of inflammatory bowel disease.

PMID:
1329495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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