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J Biol Chem. 1992 Oct 25;267(30):21528-34.

The interconversion of inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate and inositol tetrakisphosphates in AR4-2J cells.

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Calcium Regulation Section, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.


Data from several cell types have indicated that activation of hormone receptors promotes the metabolism of inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate (IP5) to inositol 3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate ((3,4,5,6)IP4). However, to date, metabolism of IP5 by cell-free preparations has resulted in the formation of only inositol 1,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate ((1,4,5,6)IP4). Thus, the metabolic relationships of IP5 with various inositol tetrakisphosphate (IP4) isomers have been investigated in both intact cells and cell homogenates of the rat pancreatoma cell line, AR4-2J. The steady-state concentration of IP5 was estimated to be 65 microM, while the combined concentration of (3,4,5,6)IP4 and (1,4,5,6)IP4 was approximately 1.0 microM. AR4-2J cell homogenates converted (1,3,4,6)IP4, (3,4,5,6)IP4, and (1,4,5,6)IP4 to IP5. (1,4,5,6)IP4 previously has not been demonstrated to be a precursor of IP5. To alter steady-state levels of inositol phosphates that were maintained by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation cycles, intact cells were treated with 10 microM antimycin A which reduced ATP levels by > 90% within 10 min. Following 2 h of treatment with antimycin A, there was a 6-fold increase in both (3,4,5,6)IP4 and (1,4,5,6)IP4, presumably derived from IP5. Experiments with cell-free systems determined that IP5 was dephosphorylated to (1,4,5,6)IP4 by a predominantly particulate Mg(2+)-independent, Li(+)-insensitive IP5 3-phosphatase. However, in the presence of 5 mM MgATP, IP5 also was metabolized to (3,4,5,6)IP4. Therefore, our data demonstrate novel and complex relationships between IP5, (3,4,5,6)IP4, and (1,4,5,6)IP4.

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