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FEBS Lett. 1992 Oct 19;311(2):150-4.

Human guanylin: cDNA isolation, structure, and activity.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Monsanto Corporate Research, Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO 63198.


Guanylin is a mammalian peptide homologue of heat-stable enterotoxins that acts on intestinal guanylate cyclase to elicit an increase in cyclic GMP. We have isolated a cDNA encoding an apparent precursor of guanylin from a human intestinal cDNA library. The mRNA is expressed at high levels in human ileum and colon. Human guanylin stimulated increases in T84 cell cyclic GMP levels, displaced 125I-labelled heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) binding to this cell line, and stimulated increases in short-circuit current (Isc) of isolated rat proximal colonic mucosa. This peptide may play a role in regulating fluid and electrolyte absorption in human intestines.

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