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Eur J Epidemiol. 1992 May;8(3):422-6.

Comparative study of six antifungal treatments in an experimental model of murine cryptococcosis.

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Mycology Center, School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.


A comparative study, using 5 antifungal drugs for the treatment of an experimental model of murine cryptococcosis, was carried out. One hundred and eighty Balb C mice, divided in 18 groups of 10 animals each, were intraperitoneally inoculated with 10(7) cells of Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans. Twelve groups were treated with different schedules beginning 5 days after inoculation, for 2 or 4 weeks. The treatments were the following: amphotericin B (6 mg/kg/every other day, intraperitoneally); 5-fluorocytosine (300 mg/kg/day, by gavage); amphotericin B (6 mg/kg/every other day, intraperitoneally) in association with 5-fluorocytosine (300 mg/kg/day, by gavage); fluconazole, itraconazole and Sch 39.304 (all at the daily dose of 16 mg/kg, by gavage). The six remaining groups were used as controls and received the solvent for the drugs. The evaluation of the efficacy of the different treatments was based on: survival time; macroscopy of brain, lungs, liver and spleen at autopsies; presence of encapsulated yeasts in microscopic examination of wet preparations of these organs; and cultures of a concentrated suspension of brain and lungs. In the animals treated for 2 weeks, the combination of amphotericin B + 5-fluorocytosine was the most useful; it negativized the micro and macroscopic findings as well as 90% of the cultures, and prolonged the survival time up to 60 days. Sixty per cent of the mice which received amphotericin B exhibited the same survival time and macroscopic findings as those treated with the association of amphotericin B + 5-fluorocytosine. Among the azolic compounds, Sch 39.304 proved to be the most effective in the prolongation of survival time.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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