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Biol Reprod. 1992 Jun;46(6):1057-68.

Stage- and cell-specific expression of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinases in rat seminiferous epithelium.

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Department of Medical Chemistry, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Expression of mRNAs in the rat testis encoding cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinases (PKAs) was studied. A microdissection method was used to isolate 10 pools of seminiferous tubules representing various stages of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium in combination with Northern blots and in situ hybridization. The results showed a differential expression of the four isoforms of the regulatory subunits (PKA-R) at various stages of the cycle. RI alpha mRNA was detected at approximately the same levels at all stages while expression of RI beta mRNA was low at stages XIII-III, started to increase at stages IV-V, and reached a maximum at stages VIII-XI. The level of RII alpha mRNA was low at stages II-VI, increased markedly at stage VIIa,b, and reached maximal levels at stages VIIc,d and VIII, followed by a reduced expression at later stages, RII beta mRNA levels increased significantly at stage VI with maximal levels at stages VII and VIII. In situ hybridization of sections from the adult rat testis revealed RI alpha mRNA in the layers of pachytene spermatocytes and round spermatids of all stages. RI beta mRNA was detected over late pachytene spermatocytes and round spermatids of stages VII-XIII. RII alpha mRNA was seen in the layers of round spermatids of stages VII-VIII and elongating spermatids of later stages while RII beta mRNA was detected only in the round spermatid region of stages VII-VIII and in some tubules of stages I-VI. These data show that mRNAs encoding PKA-R are expressed in a stage-specific manner in differentiating male germ cells with different patterns of expression for each subunit; this suggests specific roles for these protein kinases at different times of spermatogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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