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Virology. 1992 Sep;190(1):307-15.

The equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) homolog of herpes simplex virus type 1 US9 and the nature of a major deletion within the unique short segment of the EHV-1 KyA strain genome.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport 71130.


The DNA sequence of the short (S) genomic component of the equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1)KyA strain has been determined recently in our laboratory. Analysis of a 1353-bp BamHI/PvuII clone mapping at the unique short/terminal inverted repeat (Us/TR) junction revealed 507 bp of Us and 846 bp of TR sequences as well as an open reading frame (ORF) that is contained entirely within the Us. This ORF encodes a potential polypeptide of 219 amino acids that shows significant homology to the US9 proteins of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), EHV-4, pseudorabies virus (PRV), and varicella zoster virus (VZV). The US9 polypeptides of the two equine herpesviruses exhibit 50% identity but are twice as large as their counterparts in HSV-1, PRV, and VZV. All five US9 proteins are enriched for serine and threonine residues and share a conserved domain of highly basic residues followed by a region of nonpolar amino acids. DNA sequence and Southern blot hybridization analyses revealed that the Us of EHV-1 KyA differs from the Us of EHV-1 KyD and AB1 in that the ORFs encoding glycoproteins I and E and a unique 10-kDa polypeptide are deleted from the KyA genome. These data demonstrate that the predicted 10-kDa protein unique to EHV-1 is nonessential for replication in vitro and that EHV-1 glycoproteins I and E, like their equivalents in HSV-1 and PRV, are also nonessential. These findings and those reported previously by this laboratory and others reveal that the Us segment of EHV-1 comprises nine ORFs, two of which, US4 and 10-kDa ORF, are unique to EHV-1. The gene order of the Us is US2, protein kinase, gG, US4, gD, gI, gE, 10 kDa, and US9.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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