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Virology. 1992 Sep;190(1):221-32.

Characterization of the large tegument protein (ICP1/2) of herpes simplex virus type 1.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport 71130-3932.


ICP1/2 (also designated VP1/2) is a 270-kDa structural protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) which is located in the tegument region of the virion. In this report we describe the production of a polyclonal antiserum specific for ICP1/2 and the use of this antiserum to examine the synthesis, processing, and intracellular localization of the viral polypeptide. Pulse-labeling studies indicated that ICP1/2 is synthesized late during infection, being initially detectable between 8 and 9 hr postinfection with the rate of synthesis continuing to increase until 11 to 12 hr postinfection. Further studies on the expression of ICP1/2 in the presence or absence of viral DNA replication indicated that the synthesis of the polypeptide is absolutely dependent on viral DNA replication. These results suggest that ICP1/2 represents a gamma 2 (true late) gene product. Additionally, we have performed experiments to determine if ICP1/2 is post-translationally modified in HSV-infected cells. These studies indicated that ICP1/2 is phosphorylated on serine residues; however, we found no evidence to suggest that the protein is glycosylated. Using subcellular fractionation and indirect immunofluorescence techniques, we have determined that ICP1/2 is diffusely distributed throughout the nucleus and cytoplasm of HSV-infected cells with no specific compartmentalization of the polypeptide.

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