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Vaccine. 1992;10(10):677-83.

Major core proteins, p24s, of human, simian, and feline immunodeficiency viruses are partly expressed on the surface of the virus-infected cells.

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Section of Serology, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


We have previously shown the expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) major gag protein, p24, on the surface of persistently HIV-1-infected cells by using murine monoclonal antibodies (mAb). We now report that the cell surface gag p24 antigen expression is a universal phenomenon among HIV-1, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). The mAbs prepared by immunization with purified HIV-1 particles were used as antibodies cross-reactive to HIV-1 and SIVagmp24 antigens. The mAbs to FIV p24 were raised against the gag precursor 50 kDa protein of FIV, which was expressed by Baculovirus vector. The p24 antigen expression on the cell surface was detectable in certain combinations of virus-host cell systems in all of these viruses. Since these p24 regions of the animal viruses seem to play as important a role in cell-mediated immunity as that of HIV-1, the p24 applicability as a candidate epitope for vaccine development could be evaluated in those animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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