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J Neuroimmunol. 1992 Sep;40(1):89-98.

Regulation of microglial function by interferons.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Georgetown University Medical School, Washington, DC 20007.


Cultured neonatal rat microglia were pretreated with varying doses of either purified interferon (IFN) alpha/beta or recombinant IFN gamma for 24 or 48 h and the following functional parameters examined; superoxide anion production, interleukin-1 secretion and chemotaxis. IFN gamma produced a marked increase in superoxide anion levels when PMA was used to initiate superoxide anion production but had no effect in OPZ-stimulated microglia. Treatment with IFN alpha/beta potentiated superoxide anion production in both PMA and OPZ-stimulated cells. Interleukin-1 activity was decreased by treatment with IFN gamma for 24 h while IFN alpha/beta increased IL-1 activity at 48 h. Removal of serum from the treatment media prevented the action of IFN alpha/beta on IL-1 production. Treatment with IFN alpha/beta or gamma decreased chemotaxis of microglia in response to zymosan activated serum. The data indicate that IFN gamma and alpha/beta can regulate microglial function and that this regulation may differ from that seen for other monocytically derived macrophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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