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Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 1992 Jul;15(3):179-88.

The production and survival of lambs persistently infected with border disease virus.

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1
Moredun Research Institute, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Abstract

From 1985 to 1989 lambs persistently infected with border disease virus (BDV) were produced for comparative immunological studies by infecting 57 susceptible pregnant ewes between 50 and 60 days' gestation with Moredun or Oban strains of BDV. Ewes were infected either by injection with virus grown in cell culture or by housing with lambs excreting BDV. There was no significant difference in the outcomes of these different methods of infection. There was a significant difference in the number of viable lambs born to ewes receiving the two viruses. Of 41 ewes infected with Moredun virus 21 produced 32 live lambs of which 17 were reared to 1 month old (53% viability). Of 16 ewes receiving Oban virus 10 gave birth to 17 live lambs of which 15 were reared to 1 month old (88% viability). All the lambs born to ewes infected with Moredun BDV had varying signs of tremor and increased hairiness ("hairy-shakers") while those born to ewes infected with the Oban virus had no obvious clinical signs. Survival of the lambs was poor. Up until February 1991, 14 Moredun and 10 Oban sheep between the ages of 4 months and 5.5 yr had died from a variety of causes. The two commonest causes were a chronic wasting syndrome and a mucosal disease-like syndrome which was associated with the recovery of cytopathic BDV. Mating of unrelated persistently infected sheep was largely unproductive although 2 lambs were reared.

PMID:
1325333
DOI:
10.1016/0147-9571(92)90091-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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