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J Endocrinol Invest. 1992 May;15(5):369-76.

Effects induced by olive oil-rich diet on erythrocytes membrane lipids and sodium-potassium transports in postmenopausal hypertensive women.

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Istituto di Patologia Medica, Università di Verona, Italy.


Since we have observed that monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) enriched diet modifies red cell membrane lipids and cation transport systems in normotensive subjects, we similarly evaluated a group of hypertensive patients undergoing an analogous dietary modification. In a group of 18 moderately hypertensive women, the diet was supplemented for two months with olive oil (about 45 g/day), which replaced an equal amount of seasoning fats. Before and after this period, red cell fatty acid composition was evaluated by gas-chromatography in order to verify diet compliance: a significant increase in oleic acid was observed, while the content of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids remained unchanged. After olive oil, maximal rates of Na-K pump (5580 +/- 329 vs 6995 +/- 390, p less than 0.001) and Na-K cotransport (Na-COT 544 +/- 52 vs 877 +/- 46, p less than 0.001: K-COT 790 +/- 76 vs 1176 +/- 66, p less than 0.001), cell Na content (9.58 +/- 0.4 vs 10.61 +/- 0.6, p less than 0.03) and passive permeability for Na (936 +/- 74 vs 1836 +/- 102, p less than 0.001) rose significantly. Although the reduction in maximal rate of the Li-Na CT after olive oil was not significant, it was the only cation transport parameter being correlated with the variations of membrane lipids, namely negatively with UFA (r = -0.528, p less than 0.05) and positively with SFA (r = 0.482, p less than 0.005). The change in maximal rate of Li-Na CT was also correlated with the variation of systolic and diastolic BP (r = 0.50, p less than 0.03).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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