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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Aug 15;89(16):7310-4.

The UL13 gene of herpes simplex virus 1 encodes the functions for posttranslational processing associated with phosphorylation of the regulatory protein alpha 22.

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Marjorie B. Kovler Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Chicago, IL 60637.


The herpes simplex virus 1 genome was shown to encode two genes, US3 and UL13, exhibiting amino acid sequence motifs common to protein kinases. Elsewhere this laboratory reported that the prominent substrate of the US3 protein kinase is the product of the UL34 gene, an essential nonglycosylated membrane protein. In the absence of the US3 kinase, the UL34 protein remains unphosphorylated but forms a complex with four proteins that become phosphorylated uniquely when UL34 is not. To investigate the role of UL13 protein in this process, recombinant viruses lacking UL13 or both UL13 and US3 were constructed. We report that UL13 is dispensable for viral replication in cell culture and is not involved in the processing of UL34 or of associated phosphoproteins. UL13 is, however, responsible for the posttranslational processing associated with phosphorylation of infected-cell protein 22, the product of the alpha 22 gene. This gene was previously reported to play a regulatory role in selected cell lines. UL13 appears to be either a protein kinase or a phosphotransferase and its major substrate is the alpha 22 protein.

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