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Vet Microbiol. 1992 Jun 15;31(4):327-41.

Detection of papillomaviral-like DNA sequences in premalignant and malignant perineal lesions of sheep.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands.


Small hyperkeratotic and ulcerated lesions and clinical cancers were isolated from the perineal region of sheep and examined for evidence of papillomavirus infection by various criteria including gross morphology, histology, immunohistochemistry and DNA hybridisation. No specific diagnostic features of papillomaviral infection by immunohistochemistry were found, although some lesions showed gross morphological and histological features similar to papillomaviral effect in other species. DNA hybridisation analysis, using human papillomaviral type 11, 13, 16 and 18 DNA probes under conditions of reduced stringency (Tm-40 degrees C), detected homologous sequences in two thirds of the biopsies examined. These homologous sequences occurred in benign hyperkeratosis as well as invasive squamous cell carcinomas but were much more frequently isolated from carcinomas. This finding suggests that a papillomavirus is associated with the development of squamous cell carcinomas of the perineum of sheep.

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