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Am J Physiol. 1992 Jul;263(1 Pt 1):C39-46.

Gastric H(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity is inhibited by reduction of disulfide bonds in beta-subunit.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720.


H(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity of rabbit isolated gastric microsomes was irreversibly inactivated by reducing agents, such as 2-mercaptoethanol and dithiothreitol. Similar to what has been observed for Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, high concentrations of reagents, at moderately elevated temperatures, were required to inactivate H(+)-K(+)-ATPase, suggesting relative inaccessibility of the responsible disulfide bonds. Resistance against inactivation was conferred by monovalent cation activators of K(+)-stimulated ATPase and p-nitro-phenylphosphatase. The effectiveness of K+ congeners in protecting the enzyme was similar in sequence (Tl+ greater than K+ greater than Rb+) and concentration to their respective affinities for stimulating enzymatic activity, suggesting that the K(+)-bound form of the enzyme is more resistant to reduction than the free enzyme. Furthermore, Na+ antagonized the protective effect of K+. Labeling studies using fluorescein-maleimide indicated that 60-70% of the cysteine residues in the beta-subunit are in the oxidized form. Coupled with primary sequence data, this suggests that three disulfide bonds are present in the native beta-subunit. In contrast, less than 10% of the cysteine residues in the alpha-subunit are in the oxidized form. Kinetic studies showed that the 2-mercaptoethanol-induced loss of H(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity was correlated with a reduction of disulfide groups in the beta-subunit, while there was no significant change in the alpha-subunit. We conclude that reduction of disulfide bonds irreversibly inhibits H(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity, binding of K+ to the enzyme confers a resistance to disulfide bond reduction, and the responsible disulfide bonds are present in the beta-subunit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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