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Acta Physiol Scand. 1992 Jun;145(2):159-68.

Comparison of the effect of a mitochondrial uncoupler, 2,4-dinitrophenol and adrenaline on oxygen radical production in the isolated perfused rat liver.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania 19104-6089.

Abstract

Using the isolated perfused rat liver, we examined the effect of stimulation of mitochondrial respiration by 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) and adrenaline on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, liver damage and lipid peroxidation. ROS production was monitored by luminol- and lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence and oxygen uptake was measured simultaneously. Liver damage and lipid peroxidation were evaluated by measuring hepatic lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and thiobarbituric acid reacting substances (TBARS) release. Tissue ROS level decreased and oxygen uptake increased soon after 2,4-DNP infusion. On termination of 2,4-DNP infusion, there was a sharp increase in lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence, which declined slowly, but luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence did not change prominently. Hepatic LDH and TBARS release increased gradually during 2,4-DNP infusion and were manifested by termination of the infusion. Allopurinol did not affect ROS production and TBARS release, but delayed increases in LDH release after termination of 2,4-DNP infusion. Adrenaline, which stimulates mitochondrial respiration without uncoupling caused similar but smaller ROS changes observed in 2,4-DNP. LDH and TBARS release were not affected significantly by adrenaline infusion. These results indicate that uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation decreases ROS production and restoration of oxidative phosphorylation enhances ROS production and liver damage. Xanthine oxidase is unlikely to contribute to enhanced ROS production after termination of 2,4-DNP but has some protective effect during uncoupling.

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