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J Biol Chem. 1992 Jul 15;267(20):14054-60.

Differential dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor and its 160-kDa substrate (pp160) in rat adipocytes.

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1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14642.

Abstract

A permeabilized rat adipocyte model was developed which permitted an examination of: 1) insulin receptor autophosphorylation, 2) phosphorylation of a putative insulin receptor substrate of 160 kDa, pp160, and 3) the dephosphorylation reactions associated with each of these phosphoproteins. Rat adipocytes, preincubated with [32P]orthophosphate for 2 h, were exposed to insulin (10(-7) M) at the time of digitonin permeabilization. Phosphorylation of pp160 and autophosphorylation of the insulin receptor increased as a function of Mn2+ concentration in the media with near maximum responses at 10 mM. Maximum response was at least as large as the intact cell response to 10(-7) M insulin. In contrast, magnesium did not increase phosphorylation of pp160 although an increase in receptor autophosphorylation was observed. Autophosphorylation was preserved at digitonin concentrations of 20-100 micrograms/ml, but pp160 phosphorylation was negligible beyond 40 micrograms/ml. Our previous work demonstrated that the insulin receptor was associated with a phosphotyrosine phosphatase activity in permeabilized adipocytes (Mooney, R., and Anderson, D. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 6850-6857). The current permeabilized adipocyte model made possible an examination of the effects of phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitors, including several divalent metal cations (Zn2+, Co2+, and Ni2+), vanadate, and molybdate on both net phosphorylation of pp160 and autophosphorylation of the insulin receptor. Zn2+ at 100 microM, Ni2+ at 1 mM, and Co2+ at 1 or 5 mM increased insulin-dependent phosphorylation of pp160 at least 5-fold and autophosphorylation 2-fold. At higher concentrations of Zn2+ (1 mM) and Ni2+ (5 mM), however, no increase in phosphorylation of pp160 was observed and autophosphorylation was inhibited. Vanadate (1 mM) and molybdate (100 microM) increased insulin-dependent phosphorylation of pp160 by 3-fold when tested separately and 7-fold in combination. Insulin receptor autophosphorylation was increased 50% by each and 3-fold when the agents were combined. Dephosphorylation of pp160 and the insulin receptor was analyzed directly by permeabilizing prelabeled insulin-treated adipocytes in the presence of EDTA (10 mM). Dephosphorylation of pp160 was especially rapid with a t1/2 of approximately 10 s. The t1/2 for the insulin receptor was 37 s. Zn2+ at 1 mM (a concentration that inhibited the insulin receptor kinase) was a strong inhibitor of dephosphorylation, prolonging the rate of pp160 dephosphorylation more than 12-fold and insulin receptor dephosphorylation 3-fold.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
1321133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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