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Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 1992;6(3):135-44.

Contractile effect of alpha,beta-methylene ATP on the guinea-pig isolated trachea.

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Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Ouest, France.


The effects of alpha,beta-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate (alpha,beta-methylene ATP), 2-chloroadenosine and R-PIA (N6-(L-2-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine) and their interaction with dipyridamole, indomethacin, 8-phenyl-theophylline, diazepam and other agonists of central or peripheral benzodiazepine receptors were studied on the guinea-pig isolated trachea. alpha,beta-methylene ATP exerted contractile effects on the guinea-pig isolated trachea; - log EC50 and E(max) values were 8.86 +/- 0.19 and 31.3 +/- 2.3 (n = 31) (% vs acetylcholine 10(-3) M) respectively. In comparison with other purinergic receptor agonists, the rank order of potency was: alpha,beta-methylene ATP greater than 2-chloroadenosine greater than R-PIA. alpha,beta-methylene ATP and 2-chloroadenosine had significantly (P less than 0.05) greater efficacy (E(max)) than R-PIA. Indomethacin (3 x 10(-6) M) and 8-phenyltheophylline (10(-7) to 10(-5) M) significantly reduced the contractile effect of 2-chloroadenosine and R-PIA but did not affect alpha,beta-methylene ATP-induced contraction. Conversely, dipyridamole significantly reduced (10(-7) M) or suppressed (10(-6) M) the contractile effects of alpha,beta-methylene ATP whereas it only partially reduced (10(-6) M) the contractile effects of high concentrations of 2-chloroadenosine or R-PIA. Diazepam potentiated the efficacy of alpha,beta-methylene ATP. The E(max) (% vs acetylcholine 10(-3) M) values were 26.1 +/- 2.0 (n = 10) in control conditions and 45.9 +/- 4.6 (n = 5; P less than 0.05) in the presence of diazepam 10(-5) M. Diazepam did not modify the contractile effects of 2-chloroadenosine or R-PIA. Ro5-4864 (10(-7) to 10(-5) M), an agonist of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors, potentiated the contractile effects of alpha,beta-methylene ATP to the same extent as diazepam. Clonazepam, an agonist of central benzodiazepine receptors, did not modify these effects. Antagonists of central (flumazenil) or peripheral (RP 52028) benzodiazepine receptors had no influence on the interaction between diazepam or Ro-4864 and alpha,beta-methylene ATP. In conclusion, alpha,beta-methylene ATP exerts on guinea-pig isolated trachea a contractile effect which is not modified by indomethacin and 8-phenyltheophylline, but is reduced by dipyridamole. It is suggested that this effect might involve P2 chi receptor stimulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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