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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1992 Apr;32(1-2):149-64.

Suppression mediated in vitro by Marek's disease virus-transformed T-lymphoblastoid cell lines: effect on lymphoproliferation.

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Unité de Virologie Aviaire, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, CR de Tours-Nouzilly, Monnaie, France.


Marek's disease virus (MDV)-transformed lymphoblastoid cells (MDCC-MSB1, -PA9 and -RP1) added to chicken splenic lymphocytes after treatment with mitomycin, suppress the lymphoproliferative response to T-cell mitogens (concanavalin A or phytohemagglutinin) by 40-70%. This suppressive activity was observed in syngeneic as well as in allogeneic combinations of cell lines and responder lymphocytes. The suppressive effect disappeared when the addition of MD-transformed cell lines to the responder cultures was delayed for 24 h. Treatment with glutaraldehyde, instead of mitomycin, greatly weakened the suppressive activity of the MD lymphoblastoid cells. A reduction of interleukin 2 (IL-2)-like activity produced by responder lymphocytes was observed after mixing with mitomycin-treated lymphoblastoid cells, but also, although slightly less, with the same glutaraldehyde-treated cells. Nevertheless no membrane fluorescence was observed, using INN-CH16 monoclonal antibody on MDV-induced lymphoblastoid cell lines to check up on the presence of IL-2 receptor-like structure. All the three lines exhibited a CD4+, CD8- phenotype.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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