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Physiol Behav. 1992 Apr;51(4):753-66.

Chronic intrahypothalamic infusions of insulin or insulin antibodies alter body weight and food intake in the rat.

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Committee on Biopsychology, University of Chicago, IL 60643.


In Experiment 1, one-week infusion of insulin (0.15, 1.5, or 15.0 microU/hr) into the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) of rats reduced body weight (BW) and nighttime food intake (FI). While 0.15 microU/h decreased daytime FI, 1.5 microU/h increased daytime FI and 15.0 microU/h left daytime FI unchanged. Total daily FI was decreased by the two highest doses. In Experiment 2, intra-VMH infusion of specific insulin antibodies (1.5 microUeq/h) increased BW and FI, while C-peptide antibodies were ineffective. In Experiment 3a, intracerebroventricular infusions of insulin failed to decrease FI and BW comparably to similar intrahypothalamic infusions. In Experiment 3b, intra-VMH insulin was infused via cannulae that bypassed the cerebral ventricles. The decrease in FI and BW was comparable to that observed when insulin was infused via cannulae that penetrated a ventricle. Histology from animals used in Experiments 1-3 indicates that optimum sites for insulin-induced changes in BW and FI in the hypothalamus lie in an area that includes portions of the paraventricular, arcuate, dorsomedial, and ventromedial nuclei.

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