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Eur J Cancer. 1992;28(2-3):403-9.

Targeting chemotherapy for hepatoma: arterial administration of anticancer drugs dissolved in Lipiodol.

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  • 1First Department of Surgery, Kumamoto University Medical School, Japan.


In targeted cancer chemotherapy, Lipiodol Ultrafluid (Lipiodol) was used as a carrier of anticancer drugs, these drugs were termed as "oily anticancer agents". This arterial injection therapy with oily anticancer agents was performed for 323 patients with hepatoma. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels decreased in 165 (93%) of 177 AFP-positive patients. Reduced tumour size was observed in 210 (regression over 50% in 96 and less than 50% in 114) of 222 evaluable patients with unresectable hepatoma. In patients who preoperatively received a dose of styrene maleic acid neocarzinostatin (SMANCS)/Lipiodol of more than 0.7 mg/cm2 of maximal cut surface area of the tumour, complete necrosis or necrosis of almost the entire area of tumour was found, and non-cancerous liver tissue and the gallbladder remained unaffected. The survival period of 277 patients with unresectable hepatoma who were treated with oily anticancer agents is thought to be prolonged, especially of 147 patients, excluding those with Child C liver cirrhosis, with tumour occupying all segments of the liver, or with extrahepatic spread. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 84, 47, 37, and 34%, respectively.

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