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Virus Genes. 1992 Apr;6(2):107-18.

Simian virus 40 mutants with amino-acid substitutions near the amino terminus of large T antigen.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute Laboratory, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.


A series of amino-acid substitution mutants has been made with changes in the region of simian virus 40 large tumor antigen (T antigen) that is shared with the small tumor antigen (t antigen). Both single and multiple amino-acid replacements were obtained using the heteroduplex deletion loop method and sodium bisulfite as the mutagen. The mutants could be divided into five phenotypic classes on the basis of their biological properties: a) mutants whose changes did not affect their ability to propagate on permissive monkey cells, nor to transform nonpermissive rodent cells; b) mutants that were not viable, replicated their DNA to 5% or less of wild type, but were positive for transformation; c) mutants that were not viable, replicated their DNA to 5% or less of wild type, and were defective for transformation; and d) mutants that completely lost all three activities coordinately. In addition, one mutant with changes in this region, 5002, replicated its DNA to about 50% of wild type, had an impaired transformation activity, and produced virions at a level of about 4% that of wild type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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