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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1992 Feb;16(2):103-11.

The effects of gonadectomy on glucose tolerance of genetically obese (fa/fa) rats: influence of sex and genetic background.

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Department of Biology, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601.


In both humans and rodents the occurrence and severity of obesity-associated non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) may be influenced by both gonadal hormones and genetic background. Early gonadectomy (at 3-5 days of age) of female and male Wistar diabetic fatty (WDF) rats and of male Zucker rats allowed us to examine these effects in genetically obese rats carrying the fatty (fa) gene. Impairment of glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity by obesity, and amelioration or exacerbation (in the case of female rats) of this impairment by gonadectomy were assessed by intragastric glucose tolerance tests when the rats reached adulthood. Both glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were significantly deranged in obese WDF rats of both sexes and in obese male Zucker rats compared to lean controls of the same sex and strain. Obese male WDF rats were less glucose tolerant and insulin sensitive than were obese male Zucker rats. Glucose intolerance was not ameliorated by castration in lean or obese male WDF or Zucker rats. Insulin sensitivity was significantly improved by castration in obese male rats of both strains, as fasting plasma insulin levels and total areas under the insulin curves were significantly reduced compared to obese sham-operated controls. This effect was greater in the Zucker than in the WDF male rats. Castration significantly decreased the insulin response areas in obese male Zucker rats, but did not alter those of the obese male WDF rats. Ovariectomy did not alter glucose homeostasis of obese female WDF rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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