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J Biol Chem. 1992 May 5;267(13):8936-42.

Monooxygenase activity of cytochrome c peroxidase.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0446.


Recombinant cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) and a W51A mutant of CcP, in contrast to other classical peroxidases, react with phenylhydrazine to give sigma-bonded phenyl-iron complexes. The conclusion that the heme iron is accessible to substrates is supported by the observation that CcP and W51A CcP oxidize thioanisole to the racemic sulfoxide with quantitative incorporation of oxygen from H2O2. Definitive evidence for an open active site is provided by stereoselective epoxidation by both enzymes of styrene, cis-beta-methylstyrene, and trans-beta-methylstyrene. trans-beta-methylstyrene yields exclusively the trans-epoxide, but styrene yields the epoxide and phenylacetaldehyde, and cis-beta-methylstyrene yields both the cis- and trans-epoxides and 1-phenyl-2-propanone. The sulfoxide, stereoretentive epoxides, and 1-phenyl-2-propanone are formed by ferryl oxygen transfer mechanisms because their oxygen atom derives from H2O2. In contrast, the oxygen in the trans-epoxide from the cis-olefin derives primarily from molecular oxygen and is probably introduced by a protein cooxidation mechanism. cis-[1,2-2H]-1-Phenyl-1-propene is oxidized to [1,1-2H]-1-phenyl-2-propanone without a detectable isotope effect on the epoxide:ketone product ratio. The phenyl-iron complex is not formed and substrate oxidation is not observed when the prosthetic group is replaced by delta-meso-ethylheme. CcP thus has a sufficiently open active site to form a phenyl-iron complex, to oxidize thioanisole to the sulfoxide, and to epoxidize styrene and beta-methylstyrene. The results indicate that a ferryl (Fe(IV) = O)/protein radical pair can be coupled to achieve two-electron oxidations. The unique ability of CcP to catalyze monooxygenation reactions does not conflict with its peroxidase function because cytochrome c is oxidized at a distinct surface site (DePillis, G. D., Sishta, B. P., Mauk, A. G., and Ortiz de Montellano, P. R. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 19334-19341).

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