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Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S82-90.

Blastomycosis.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock 72205.

Abstract

Blastomycosis is a rare but important fungal infection that occurs primarily in the south central and midwestern United States. Epidemics of blastomycosis related to a point-source exposure include patients of all ages and both sexes; however, cases of endemic blastomycosis are usually in young to middle-aged adults and are reported more for men than for women. Pneumonia is the most common manifestation of blastomycosis, and the lungs are almost always the organ initially infected. Skin, bone, prostate, and central nervous system are the next most frequently infected organs in descending order. Amphotericin B is curative, but because of its toxic effects, oral agents have been investigated as therapy for blastomycosis. ketoconazole should replace amphotericin B as therapy for blastomycosis that is not life threatening. Itraconazole is an experimental agent that is perhaps even more effective than ketoconazole. The therapeutic usefulness of fluconazole for blastomycosis remains unproven. For patients with life-threatening or central nervous system blastomycosis, amphotericin B remains the treatment of choice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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