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Chest. 1992 Apr;101(4):1013-8.

The effect of surgical treatment on survival from early lung cancer. Implications for screening.

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Department of Mathematical Sciences, IBM Research Division, T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598.


We assessed the effect of surgery on survival from stage I non-small-cell lung cancer based on data collected in these screening programs. The majority of patients diagnosed in each program were treated by surgical resection, but 5 percent of the Sloan-Kettering group, 21 percent of the Hopkins group and 11 percent of the Mayo group failed to receive surgical treatment. Approximately 70 percent of the stage I patients in each program who were treated surgically survived more than five years, but there were only two five-year survivors among those who did not have surgery. We conclude that patients with lung cancers detected in stage I by chest x-ray film and treated surgically have a good chance of remaining free of disease for many years. Those stage I lung cancers which are not resected progress and lead to death within five years. Therefore, every effort should be made to detect and treat lung cancer early in high-risk populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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