Send to

Choose Destination
J Infect Dis. 1992 Apr;165(4):732-6.

Oral bioavailability and anti-simian varicella virus efficacy of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-E-5-(2-bromovinyl)uracil (BV-araU) in monkeys.

Author information

Tulane University Regional Primate Research Center, Covington, Louisiana.


BV-araU (1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-E-5-[2-bromovinyl]uracil) has potent antiviral activity against varicella zoster virus in cell culture and is undergoing clinical evaluation. In the present study, pharmacokinetic parameters and the efficacy of BV-araU against infection with simian varicella virus (SVV) were evaluated in African green monkeys. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined by analysis of the BV-araU content of sera obtained after oral and intravenous administration to normal monkeys. Peak serum concentrations showed dose proportionality, with the 0.1 mg/kg dose resulting in a peak serum concentration of 0.05 micrograms/ml, the approximately ED50 value for the SVV inoculum in cell culture. BV-araU administered orally twice daily at 0.1 mg/kg for 10 days starting 48 h after intratracheal SVV infection prevented vesicular rash development and suppressed viremia. Effective therapy could be initiated 96 h after infection. Taken together, these results indicate that BV-araU is effective oral therapy at doses that achieve peak serum levels equivalent to the ED50 for SVV in cell culture.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center