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J Neurosci Res. 2003 Oct 1;74(1):97-102.

Uptake of serotonin by adult rat corpus callosum is partially reduced by common antidepressants.

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Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Juriquilla, Querétaro, México.


The corpus callosum (CC) is the main white matter tract involved in interhemispheric brain communication. We establish that uptake of [3H]5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in CC is partially inhibited by some antidepressants. Slices of the adult rat CC had a high-affinity uptake of 5-HT. About 80% of this uptake was Na+ dependent, with a Michaelis-Menten constant, Km, of 420 +/- 80 nM and a rate of 5-HT uptake, Vmax, of 9.5 +/- 0.8 pmol/mg protein/min. The 5-HT uptake was reduced approximately 60% at pH 5 compared with that at pH 7. Fluoxetine (Prozac) inhibited only 43% of 5-HT uptake in a concentration-dependent manner, with an affinity constant, Ki, of 44.7 +/- 10.0 nM. We also studied the effects of other monoamine uptake inhibitors, all at 10 microM, and found that zimelidine, imipramine, and clomipramine inhibited 5-HT uptake in the CC by approximately 30-40%. The fluoxetine-insensitive 5-HT uptake was not altered by high concentrations of dopamine plus norepinephrine. The present data show that Na(+)-dependent 5-HT uptake occurs in the CC and optic nerve and that this uptake is partially sensitive to antidepressants and probably mediated by the serotonin transporter, which may be relevant during depression.

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