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J Immunol Methods. 1976;13(3-4):305-20.

Immunofluorescence using dichlorotriazinylaminofluorescein (DTAF). I. Preparation and fractionation of labelled IgG.


Dichlorotriazinylaminofluorescein (DTAF), the product of the reaction of aminofluorescein with cyanuric chloride, is an effective reagent for conjugating fluorescein to immunnoglobulins. DTAF has absorption and emission properties nearly identical to fluoresceinisothiocyanate (FITC) and DTAF and FITC-labelled antibodies are similar in terms of preparation and specificity of immlnofluorescence. However, DTAF is superior to FITC with regard to cost, purity and stability. Also, DTAF-labelled rabbit IgG conjugates can by quickly and efficientyly fractionated by simple ammonium sulfate precipitation procedures to yield preparations free of both over- and under-conjugated material. In addition, over-conjugated protein can be readily removed from DTAF:IgG conjugates by appropriate adjustment of pH and temperature.

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