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Virology. 1992 Apr;187(2):748-59.

Phylogenetic analysis of a coxsackievirus A24 variant: the most recent worldwide pandemic was caused by progenies of a virus prevalent around 1981.

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Central Virus Diagnostic Laboratory, National Institute of Health, Tokyo, Japan.


Nucleotide substitutions in the viral-encoded proteinase 3C (3Cpro) region (549 nucleotides) of the RNA genome of a coxsackievirus A24 variant (CA24v), one of the agents causing acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC), were studied using 32 isolates collected from the Eastern hemisphere in 1970-1989. Based on regression analysis of nucleotide differences among isolates, the nucleotide substitution rate of CA24v 3Cpro was estimated to be 3.7 x 10(-3)/nucleotide/year. A phylogenetic tree constructed by the modified unweighted pair group method using arithmetic averages (UPGMA) indicated that CA24v had evolved from a common ancestor which appeared in one focal place in November 1963 +/- 21 months, about 7 years before the first isolation of CA24v in Singapore. The tree also revealed that all the recent epidemic isolates in 1985-1989 including Asian and Ghanian strains diverged from each other after 1981. This finding is consistent with the evidence that AHC due to CA24v had been confined to Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent until 1985, then suddenly and explosively spread to other areas where no CA24v isolations had been reported.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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