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Biochem J. 1992 Feb 15;282 ( Pt 1):59-67.

Investigation of guanine-nucleotide-binding protein involvement and regulation of cyclic AMP metabolism in interleukin 1 signal transduction.

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  • 1Department of Cellular Science, Glaxo Group Research Limited, Greenford, Middx,. U.K.


The involvement of guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) and regulation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) in interleukin 1 (IL1) signal transduction has been investigated in EL4 and 7OZ/3 cells expressing Type 1 and Type 2 IL1 receptors respectively. Results show that in both cell types IL1 alone failed to induce changes in cellular cAMP levels, and in membrane preparations the cytokine had no significant effect on adenylate cyclase activity. In contrast, forskolin stimulated cAMP levels in cells and membranes. IL1 did not significantly alter GTPase activity or rate of guanosine 5'-[gamma-[35S]thio]triphosphate binding measured in membrane preparations from the EL4 and 7OZ/3 cells. In EL4-cell membrane preparations the kinetics of 125I-IL1 binding were altered in the presence of guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate, resulting in the formation of a higher-affinity state for IL1 binding. Adenosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate at the same concentration was without effect. These results suggest that IL1 receptor function may be regulated by guanine nucleotides; however, the mechanism appears to differ from that exhibited by conventional G-protein-linked receptors. The lack of significant effects of IL1 on cAMP metabolism in these cells suggests that alternative pathways must exist to mediate the intracellular responses to stimulation via both types of the IL1 receptor.

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