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J Neurochem. 1992 Mar;58(3):1093-1103.

Down-regulation of beta-adrenergic receptors by pindolol in Gs alpha-transfected S49 cyc- murine lymphoma cells.

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1
Department of Anesthesia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-4283.

Abstract

The role of the alpha subunit of the guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein that stimulates adenylyl cyclase (GS alpha) in the down-regulation of beta-adrenergic receptors by pindolol was studied in S49 cyc- cells (normally GS alpha-deficient) transfected to express functional recombinant rat GS alpha. An inducible cell line (S49 GS alpha IND) was derived from S49 cyc- cells transfected with a vector containing the full-length coding sequence of GS alpha under the inducible control of the mouse mammary tumor virus long-terminal repeat promoter. GS alpha was not detectable in S49 GS alpha IND cells by immunoblot or by ADP-ribosylation in the presence of cholera toxin and [alpha-32P]NAD. When cells were grown in 100 nM dexamethasone, isoproterenol-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation increased within 3 h. After 15 h, GS alpha was present at a level 40-50% of that found in S49 wild-type (WT) cells as measured either by immunoblot analysis or by [alpha-32P]ADP-ribosylation. Membranes prepared from GS alpha IND cells grown in the presence of dexamethasone bound agonist with high affinity, and this binding was sensitive to guanine nucleotides. A second vector, DzbGS alpha +, contained the coding sequence of GS alpha under the constitutive regulatory control of the SV40 early promoter. This vector was introduced into cyc- cells, and the resulting cells, S49 GS alpha CST cells, expressed GS alpha at a level comparable to that found in S49 WT cells as measured by immunoblot analysis. Isoproterenol-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in S49 GS alpha CST cells was at least as great as in S49 WT cells. When cells were grown in the presence of dexamethasone, exposure to 50 nM pindolol for 12 h down-regulated the density of beta-adrenergic receptors in S49 WT cells to 60% of that in cells grown in the absence of pindolol, but pindolol had no effect on the density of receptors on cyc- or GS alpha IND cells. When GS alpha CST cells were exposed to 50 nM pindolol for 12 h, the density of beta-adrenergic receptors was down-regulated by the same amount as in S49 WT cells. These results suggest that GS alpha is necessary to restore the ability of pindolol to down-regulate beta-adrenergic receptors in S49 cyc- cells and that the protein must be expressed at a level comparable to that found in S49 WT cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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