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Cancer Res. 1992 Mar 1;52(5):1218-21.

The synthetic hepatic peptides pyroglutamylglutamylglycylserylasparagine and pyroglutamylglutamylglycylserylaspartic acid inhibit growth of MH1C1 rat hepatoma cells transplanted into Buffalo rats or athymic mice.

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1
Institute of Pathology, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Repeated i.p. injections of the synthetic peptides pyroglutamylglutamylglycylserylasparagine and pyroglutamylglutamylglycylserylaspartic acid inhibited the long-term growth of MH1C1 rat hepatoma cells by 50-70% in three in vivo models: metastatic colony growth in the lungs of young Buffalo rats; s.c. tumor growth in young Buffalo rats; and s.c. tumor growth in athymic mice. The amide free peptide pyroglutamylglutamylglycylserylaspartic acid which inhibited the tumor growth in all the models showed a curvilinear dose-response relationship with a maximal effect at 1000 pmol/animal in mice and at 100 pmol/animal in rats. The amidated peptide pyroglutamylglutamylglycylserylasparagine, which was only tested in the lung model, showed growth inhibition with 2, 20, or 200 pmol/animal, but 200 pmol/animal was most effective. We have recently reported that these peptides show cochromatography with hepatic growth inhibitory peptides, isolated from mouse liver.

PMID:
1310641
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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