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J Infect Dis. 1992 Jan;165(1):161-5.

Seroepidemiologic evaluation of antibodies to rotavirus as correlates of the risk of clinically significant rotavirus diarrhea in rural Bangladesh.

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1
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

Abstract

A case-control study was conducted among children and adult women in rural Bangladesh to evaluate whether serologic immunity to rotavirus was associated with a lower risk of rotavirus diarrhea of sufficient severity to cause patients to seek medical care. Acute-phase sera from 219 cases of rotavirus diarrhea, detected among patients treated in three diarrheal treatment centers, were compared with sera from 477 contemporaneously selected community controls. Overall, serum IgG antirotavirus antibody titers were nearly one-fourth as high in cases as in controls (107 vs. 417 units/ml; P less than .001). Among persons aged greater than or equal to 8 months, in whom titers of maternal antirotavirus antibodies should have been negligible, even the lowest range of detectable titers (100-200 units/ml) was associated with a substantial (75%, P less than .05) reduction of the risk of rotavirus diarrhea. We conclude that titers of serum IgG antirotavirus antibodies induced by earlier infection were inversely related to the risk of clinically significant rotavirus diarrhea.

PMID:
1309372
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/165.1.161
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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