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Virology. 1992 Jan;186(1):122-32.

MHV S peplomer protein expressed by a recombinant vaccinia virus vector exhibits IgG Fc-receptor activity.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston 77030.


We have previously shown that cells infected with mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) bind rabbit, mouse, and rat IgG by the Fc portion of the IgG molecule. This Fc-binding activity appeared to be mediated by the MHV S protein. S protein could also be precipitated from MHV-infected cells by a monoclonal antibody directed against the murine Fc gamma receptor (Fc gamma R). To prove definitively that the S protein mediates Fc-binding activity, we have expressed the MHV S protein utilizing recombinant vaccinia viruses. The anti-Fc gamma R monoclonal antibody, 2.4G2, precipitated recombinant S protein in cells of murine, human, and rabbit origin. Since the anti-Fc receptor monoclonal antibody does not react with human and rabbit Fc receptors these results demonstrate that the epitope recognized by this antibody is carried on the MHV S protein and is not murine in origin. Examination of various MHV isolates and escape mutants failed to identify the precise sequences in S responsible for the molecular mimicry of the murine Fc gamma R. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that a previously identified region of similarity between the S protein and the Fc gamma R mediates this activity. The Fc binding activity of S was expressed on the cell surface, since MHV-JHM-infected cells, but not uninfected cells, formed rosettes with anti-sheep red blood cell (SRBC) antibody-coated SRBC. The anti-Fc gamma R monoclonal antibody neutralized MHV-JHM and inhibited syncytium formation induced by the MHV S protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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