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Pediatr Dent. 1992 Jul-Aug;14(4):224-30.

Oral health of children with congenital cardiac diseases: a controlled study.

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Cardiology Department, The Prince Charles' Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.


Congenital cardiac disease (CCD) is one of the most common developmental anomalies in children. Affected children require special care in dentistry because of their susceptibility to infective endocarditis from oral infections, yet little information is available on the oral health of children with CCD. The present study, which investigated 39 children with CCD and 33 healthy control siblings, showed that CCD children generally suffered poorer oral health. In patients with primary dentitions, 52% of CCD children had enamel hypoplasia, compared with only 23% in the control group. In addition, CCD children had significantly more teeth with untreated dental decay (mean dmft 4.2 vs. 2.3), and more endodontically treated teeth. Children with CCD also had less than optimal professional and home dental care. Only 31% had professional advice regarding increased preventive dental health behavior, and only 15% used fluoride supplements, although the children resided in a nonfluoridated area. Furthermore, significantly fewer CCD children had parental help with tooth brushing compared to control children. This study shows that children with CCD should be targeted for vigorous preventive dental care.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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