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Hum Mol Genet. 1992 Dec;1(9):681-4.

Serotonin receptor 1c gene assigned to X chromosome in human (band q24) and mouse (bands D-F4).

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Department of Genetics, Stanford University Medical Center, CA 94305.


In the mammalian nervous system, serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) binds to distinct cell surface receptor subtypes that are defined by their ligand binding and effector-coupling properties. The 5HT1c receptor is a G-protein coupled receptor that stimulates phospholipase C-catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate, leading to the mobilization of intracellular calcium and to the activation of protein kinase C. By using somatic cell hybrid analysis and FISH, we have mapped the HTR1C locus to the human X chromosome, band q24 and to the mouse X chromosome region D-F4. Comparison of these map positions offers new insights into the evolution of human and murine X chromosomes. Since HTR1C is expressed in certain parts of the central nervous system and abnormal function of the serotoninergic system has been implicated in affective disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder and epilepsy, establishing the precise map position of HTR1C is an important first step toward evaluating this locus as a candidate for mutations in these syndromes and in X-linked mental disorders.

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