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Hum Mol Genet. 1992 Sep;1(6):427-32.

Characterization of mutations in phenotypic variants of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093.


The Lesch-Nyhan disease is caused by an almost complete lack of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT). Partial HPRT-deficiency, associated with less severe phenotype, has also been identified. We have characterized mutations occurring in HPRT cDNA isolated from patients with HPRT-deficiency with an emphasis on examining the more unusual partial variants of HPRT-deficiency. HPRT cDNA was amplified by PCR, cloned and analyzed by automated DNA sequence analysis. Twenty-two, unrelated individuals with HPRT deficiency were studied including eight classic Lesch-Nyhan patients and fourteen patients representing the different groups of partial HPRT deficiency. We found a diverse pattern of mutations with point mutations accounting for the majority of abnormal HPRT genes. Nonsense mutations and exon deletions were only found in HPRT cDNA isolated from classic Lesch-Nyhan patients. Mutations associated with partial HPRT-deficiency were frequently located in the amino terminal part of the molecule. A CpG mutational hot spot was identified at the position for Arg-51 in the HPRT protein. Two hyperuricemic patients exhibited unusual splice site mutations: in one this led to the creation of an additional exon in the HPRT gene and in the other part of exon 6 was missing in a subpopulation of the transcripts, producing the effect of a dominant, negative mutation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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