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Prostaglandins. 1992 Nov;44(5):389-97.

Antiplatelet activity of the long-acting thromboxane receptor antagonist BMS 180,291 in monkeys.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000.

Abstract

The effects of the novel TxA2/prostaglandin endoperoxide (TP) receptor antagonist BMS 180,291 on platelet reactivity was determined ex vivo in conscious African green monkeys. Platelet aggregation responses to U-46,619 were decreased 50% and 100% at 23 to 24 hrs after BMS 180,291 oral doses of 1 and 3 mg/kg, respectively. In addition to inhibiting aggregation, a 3 mg/kg oral dose of BMS 180,291 also produced an 11 +/- 3-fold shift to the right in the U-46,619 concentration-response relationship for platelet shape change at 24 hrs after dosing. When the 3 mg/kg oral dose was continued for 11 days, the shift in this concentration-response relationship increased to 26 +/- 10- and 93 +/- 30-fold at 24 hrs after the 8th and 11th doses, respectively. This progressive inhibition corresponds to 93 +/- 3 and 99 +/- 1% blockade of platelet TP-receptors responsible for shape change, respectively. Comparable levels of TP-receptor blockade have been previously correlated with antithrombotic and antiischemic activities of TP-receptor antagonists in vivo. Platelet reactivity to U-46,619 had completely recovered on the 7th day after the final dose of BMS 180,291, indicating effective elimination from the circulation over this interval. In separate experiments, a 3-mg/kg i.v. dose of BMS 180,291 produced only marginal and transient hemodynamic effects in anesthetized African green monkeys. Overall, these data demonstrate that BMS 180,291 given orally once a day produces a sustained and therapeutically-relevant level of TP-receptor antagonism.

PMID:
1301074
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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