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Microb Pathog. 1992 Oct;13(4):305-15.

Proliferative and T-cell specific interleukin (IL-2/IL-4) production responses in spleen cells from mice vaccinated with aroA live attenuated Salmonella vaccines.

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Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, U.K.


T-cell responses were studied in mice immunized with the Salmonella typhimurium aroA SL3261 live attenuated vaccine strain. T-cell responses in the spleen, both in whole cell populations and in nylon wool non-adherent (T-cell enriched) cells, were studied in vitro as proliferation by incorporation of tritiated thymidine and production of T-cell specific cytokines [IL-2 (interleukin-2)/IL-4]. Stimulating antigens included whole Salmonella lysates and purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS), both untreated and after alkaline hydrolysis to prevent the non-specific mitogenic effect of LPS. Strong proliferative responses were obtained with untreated whole cell extract and LPS, which were decreased by polymyxin B (PB). Alkaline detoxification of the antigens decreased the proliferative response of nylon-wool non-adherent populations to LPS, but greatly increased their response to the Salmonella extract. Surprisingly, PB also reduced proliferation to detoxified LPS. Little or no IL-2/IL-4 production was seen in response to LPS or purified polysaccharide antigens, while there was a strong IL-2/IL-4 response to whole cell lysate, again markedly increasing after alkaline treatment. The results suggest that the T-cell response elicited by immunization with live Salmonella aroA vaccines in mice recognizes antigens other than LPS determinants, and that estimation of T-cell responses to Salmonella antigens by proliferation alone may yield misleading results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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