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Eur J Oral Sci. 2003 Oct;111(5):390-4.

Prevalence of Porphyromonas gingivalis fimA genotypes in Caucasians.

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1
Department of Periodontology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. beikler@uni-muenster.de

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Porphyromonas gingivalis fimA genotypes in Caucasian patients with periodontitis. A total of 102 patients harboring P. gingivalis subgingivally were enrolled into the study. Pooled subgingival plaque samples of the six most severely affected sites were taken and analysed by fimA-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction analysis. Moreover, 26 P. gingivalis isolates were analysed by sequence analysis of the fimA gene. Sequence analysis revealed five major fimA genotypes (fimA types I-V) and allowed further subtyping of fimA genotypes II and IV into two subgroups each. The overall prevalences of fimA genotypes as assessed by PCR and restriction analysis among the P. gingivalis-positive patients with periodontitis were: type I, 25.5%; type II, 38.2%; type III, 4.9%; type IV, 18.6%; type V, 3.9%; and non-typable, 6.9%. Two patients were colonized by both type II and type IV, or type III and type IV fimA genotypes, respectively. Patients harboring different fimA genotypes showed no significant difference in severity of periodontal disease, as assessed by pocket probing depth and bleeding on probing following adjustment for smoking habit and age. The results indicate that predominant fimA genotypes in Caucasian periodontitis patients are types I, II, and IV. However, there was no difference in the association of the various fimA genotypes with disease severity.

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