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Cancer. 2003 Sep 15;98(6):1273-82.

Genetic alterations in poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract.

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1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The molecular pathogenesis of poorly differentiated endocrine carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract (GI PDECs) remains unclear. It has been suggested that these lesions either originate from multipotent stem cells that also can serve as the origin of nonendocrine adenocarcinomas or arise due to the dedifferentiation of well-differentiated endocrine carcinomas (WDECs).

METHODS:

Ten gastric and 9 colorectal PDECs, 9 gastric WDECs, and 12 colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) were analyzed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 11q13 (MEN1), 17p13.1 (p53), 3p14.2 (FHIT), 3p21.3 (RASSF1A), and 18q23 (DCC/DPC4/Smad2), and for immunohistochemical expression of p53, FHIT, Rb, and p16.

RESULTS:

PDECs exhibited high fractional allelic loss (FAL; 0.49), with frequent (> 40%) alterations in p53, Rb, MEN1, FHIT, and 18q. No significant differences were found between gastric and colorectal PDECs. Gastric WDECs also exhibited high FAL (0.44), with frequent alterations in Rb and/or p16, MEN1, and 3p21. CRCs exhibited a low level of FAL (0.23), with frequent (> 50%) p16 and p53 alterations. When gastric PDECs and WDECs were compared, substantial similarities were found with respect to FAL (0.42 vs. 0.44) and with respect to individual gene alterations, except in p53, which was consistently altered only in PDECs. CRCs, which were characterized by a lower FAL (0.56 vs. 0.23) and which lacked alterations in both 3p and Rb, were found to be significantly different from colorectal PDECs.

CONCLUSIONS:

GI PDECs demonstrated a high level of chromosomal instability; consistent inactivation of both the p53 and p16/Rb pathways; and frequent LOH at 3p (possibly involving FHIT), the MEN1 locus, and 18q. The profile of genetic alterations in PDECs was more consistent with the profile in WDECs than with the profile in CRCs.

PMID:
12973852
DOI:
10.1002/cncr.11621
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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