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Gene Expr Patterns. 2003 Oct;3(5):685-91.

Expression of the presenilin-like signal peptide peptidase (SPP) in mouse adult brain and during development.

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  • 1Zentrum für Molekulare Neurobiologie, Universität Hamburg, Martinistr 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.


Recently, a new member of the presenilin family was identified as an aspartyl protease that cleaves signal peptides within hydrophobic domains, and was, therefore, named signal peptide peptidase (SPP). We isolated cDNAs coding for mouse and human orthologues of SPP. The human gene spans 55 kilobases on chromosome 20q11.21. The SPP-protein is encoded in mouse and man by 12 exons. The highly conserved intron/exon-structure in the SPP/presenilin family hints at a common precursor. Northern blot and in situ hybridization analysis revealed a widespread expression of SPP in many tissues. A distinct pattern of expression in the mature murine brain and during development indicates that SPP plays an important role in the establishment and maintenance of the nervous system. We prepared an antiserum against the carboxy-terminal domain of SPP, which is highly conserved between species. It reacted specifically, both in western blots and in immunocytochemical preparations, with SPP from various mammalian origins. The antiserum was used to demonstrate that SPP is oriented in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum with its carboxy-terminal tail extending into the cytosol.

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