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Behav Modif. 2003 Sep;27(4):470-83.

Using pictures to assess reinforcers in individuals with developmental disabilities.

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New England Center for Children, 33 Turnpike Road, Southboro, MA 01772, USA.


Tangible preference assessments were compared with pictorial preference assessments for 4 individuals with developmental disabilities. In the tangible assessment, on each trial two stimuli were selected and placed in front of the participant, who approached one. In the pictorial assessment, on each trial two line drawings were placed in front of the participant, who pointed to one. For both assessments, the percentage of opportunities each stimulus was approached or touched was calculated, and hierarchies of preferred items were developed. The two assessments yielded similar preference hierarchies for 3 of 4 participants. Reinforcer assessments using a simple free operant response confirmed that items identified as highly preferred on tangible and pictorial assessments functioned as reinforcers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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